How Things Get Recycled

Green Mobius LoopRidge Meadows Recycling has been working with the City of Maple Ridge since its beginnings in 1972. In addition to collecting curbside recycling from residents, we also collect and process different materials at the Maple Ridge Recycling Depot. This enables us to keep jobs in the community and maintain control over processing costs, the cleanliness of our product, and, to some extent, the end markets of our recyclable materials.

The local market for recycled materials fluctuates constantly in response to supply & demand. Within the last number of years, North American paper mills have shut down as overseas markets, taking advantage of returning empty shipping containers and low-cost labour, offer higher prices for our commodities and become steep competition to local manufacturers. Ridge Meadows Recycling remains committed to shipping to local markets whenever possible.

From 1972 – 2014, we marketed all the recycling we collected curbside directly to markets, but in 2014, the responsibility for recycling all residential printed paper and packaging shifted to an industry-created, not-for-profit society, Multi Materials BC (MMBC) through the province’s latest EPR stewardship program. Following the provincial government’s mandate, MMBC now funds the collection, processing, and shipping of items collected curbside through Green By Nature and partner organizations such as Ridge Meadows Recycling Society.

MMBC is one of a large number of organizations that are responsible for end-of-life programs in BC. For more information, check out the BC Recycles’ Recycling Handbook:

BC Recycling Handbook 2016

Here is an overview of what happens to some materials once they are dropped off at the Maple Ridge Recycling Depot:

Aluminum:

Clean and dirty scrap aluminum is collected and sold to companies making new products – recycling aluminum saves 95% of the electricity needed to produce aluminum from ore.

ABC Recycling - Can Pile

ABC Recycling - Can Bales
 

 

Encorp Return-It Logo 2014Refundable containers are taken to an Encorp Depot for refund, then recycled into more cans.

 

Appliances:

ElectroRecycle Logo 2012

Small appliances (coffee makers, list more, etc.) are collected and recycled as part of ElectroRecycle’s EPR program for Small Appliances and Power Tools.

From BC Recycles: “Electrical products are taken apart and separated into material types. Some materials such as copper and other metals are sent for smelting to recover the metals. Other materials such as plastics an dglass are recycled/processed into commodities or reused.” www.electrorecycle.ca

Large appliances are checked for Freon (customers are charged $10 for Freon removal from refrigerators and freezers) and sold as scrap metal for recycling.

 

Beverage containers:

EPR Beverage Container Icon

Encorp Return-It Logo 2014Refundable containers are collected taken to Encorp Pacific through their beverage container EPR program.

From BC Recycles: “Aluminum cans are recycled into new cans within 6 weeks. Drink boxes and cartons are used in paper products and cardboard boxes. Glass is recycled into new bottles or turned into insulation, and plastic is used for new bottles, jugs, buckets, and more.” www.return-it.ca

 

Batteries:

Call 2 Recycle LogoHousehold, rechargeable, small appliance, & button batteries are collected as part of an EPR program by Call 2 Recycle. These are picked up by Terrapure Environmental and processed by Teck Cominco in Trail where the metals are separated and the chemicals are reused.

From BC Recycles: “The collected batteries are sent to recycling facilities where they are processed into reusable metals and materials. These are used to produce new batteries, stainless steel products and cement additives. None of the materials make their way into landfills.” www.call2recycle.ca

Lead Acid Battery Icon (EPR)

Car, motorcycle, and other lead-acid batteries from vehicles are collected at the Maple Ridge Recycling Depot and sold to Interstate Batteries who ships them to the Teck Cominco smelter in Trail. The lead and plastic (polypropylene) are extracted to make new batteries and other materials and the acid is processed for re-use in detergents or is neutralized and treated.

From BC Recycles: “All consumer lead-acid batteries can be recycled. They are found in items such as vehicles, trucks, motorcycles, boats, and RVs. All commercial lead-acid battery applications, including fork lifts, golf carts, solar and UPS systems are also collected and recycled.” www.recyclemybattery.ca

 

Cardboard:

MMBC Logo 2014

Corrugated cardboard is part of MMBC’s Printed Paper & Packaging program. Cardboard is often recycled into “Kraft Paper” (brown paper bags), roofing paper, new cardboard boxes, and paper board.

From BC Recycles: “Corrugated cardboard is recycled into cardboard, printed paper and paper packaging is recycled into boxes and other packaging” www.recyclinginbc.ca

 

Cell Phones:

Recycle My Cell Logo (EPR)

Cell phones & accessories (chargers, ear buds, cords, etc.) are collected as part of an EPR program by Recycle My Cell. These are processed by Teck Cominco in Trail where the metals are separated and the chemicals are reused.

From BC Recycles: “Phones and accessories are sent to certified processing facilities, where they are separated based on whether or not they can be refurbished or reused. Phones that meet specific functionality criteria are refurbished and sold. Whether reused or recycled, your old phone stays out of the landfill.” www.recyclemycell.ca

 

Electronics (aka. “e-waste”):

bcsf_logo_return-it-powered-by 2016 All TVs, computers and computer attachments, and other electronic or electrical equipment are accepted for recycling by Encorp Pacific as part of EPRA‘s Electronics EPR program – no resale permitted.  Most are shipped to the Teck Cominco smelter in Trail for separation & processing.

Electronics Icon (EPR)From BC Recycles: “Through a variety of refining and smelting processes, materials reclaimed from unwanted electronics, such as metal, plastic, and glass are used as raw materials in the manufacturing of new products.” www.return-it.ca/electronics

 

Electronic Toys:

Electronic Toy EPR logo 2012Any toy with an electrical component is covered in this program, run by the Canadian Brandowners Residual Stewardship Corporation, including:

  • Plush Textiles with Electronics – electronic dolls and stuffed animals
  • Metal or Hard Plastic Toys with Electronics
  • Remote Control Vehicles
  • Ride On Vehicles
  • Hand Held Game Devices
  • Gaming Devices with PC /TV
  • Electronic Toy Promotional Items – like those sold with meals or other items marketed to children
     

Glass:

EPR Beverage Container IconAEncorp Return-It Logo 2014ll beverage containers have a deposit and are collected as part of the Beverage Container EPR program and returned to Encorp Pacific  for refunds.

Brewers Distributors Logo 2015From BC Recycles: “Glass beer and cider bottles are reused an average of 15 times. They are then recycled into new glass bottles and other glass products.” www.envirobeerbc.com

MMBC Logo 2014Other glass jars & bottles are part of MMBC’s Printed Paper & Packaging program. In the past, we shipped our mixed glass to Envirogrit in Abbotsford to be made into fibreglass and contaminated glass was used as a gravel substitute.

 

Household Hazardous Waste (HHW):

ReGeneration Logo 2016.jpgProduct Care runs a Hazardous Household Waste EPR program designed to reduce the amount of hazardous waste being dumped into the sewer system. After collection, solvents, pesticides & flammables are shipped in tubskids to Paint Plus in Surrey, where they are sorted & batched for safe incineration.

From BC Recycles: “flammable liquids and gasoline are used as alternative fuels.” www.regeneration.ca

 

Light Bulbs, Tubes, & Fixtures:

Light Recycle Logo 2016As part Product Care‘s “Light Recycle” EPR program, all light bulbs, including flourescent, halogen, incandescent, and LED, as well as lamps, light fixtures, chandeliers, and flashlights can be recycled. Lights from businesses are also accepted! Flourescent light bulbs & tubes are collected and shipped to Ontario for processing where a water bath is used to recover the gas and the glass is recycled.

From BC Recycles: “Metal is recycled through the metal recycling industry. Mercury/phosphor powder is sent for mercury retort to recover the mercury. Glass is recovered and reused. Non-PCB lighting ballasts are recycled through the metal recycling industry.” www.lightrecycle.ca

 

Metal:

All scrap metal, including large appliances, are stripped of non-ferrous metals, including aluminum, copper, brass, copper wire, breakage, motors and compressors.

MMBC Logo 2014Tin & aluminum cans are part of MMBC’s Printed Paper & Packaging program. Often, light steel is melted and formed into rebar or flat bar.

From BC Recycles: “metal packaging becomes construction material” www.recyclinginbc.ca

 

Motor oil, oil containers and filters, & antifreeze:

BCUOMA Logo (EPRThese are all collected at the depot through BCOUMA‘s Used Motor Oil EPR program and sold to Terrapure Environmental, who recycle and market all elements of these products.

From BC Recycles: “Oil is re-refined into new oil or used as fuel in pulp mills an asphalt plants. Antifreeze is processed into new antifreeze. Filters are crushed and smelted into new steel products while oil and antifreeze containers are processed into new oil containers or other plastic products.” www.usedoilrecycling.com/bc

 

Paper:

MMBC Logo 2014All paper (office paper, newspaper, magazines, catalogues, etc.) is collected as part of MMBC’s Printed Paper & Packaging program.  It is used to produce higher grades of office or tissue paper. In the past, we shipped newsprint to CK Fibre in Langley, where it was made into egg cartons and drink trays for Tim Hortons restaurants. The paper is de-inked and sold to markets across North America, mostly California where there is a legislated requirement for newspaper to have 40% post-consumer waste content.

From BC Recycles: “Corrugated cardboard is recycled into cardboard, printed paper and paper packaging is recycled into boxes and other packaging” www.recyclinginbc.ca

 

Paint:

ReGeneration Logo 2016.jpgPaint is collected as part of Product Care‘s Paint, Pesticides, and Flammable Liquid, EPR program. Any community groups interested in picking up used paint for projects, call us at 604-463-5545.

From BC Recycles: “Latex paint is recycled into new paint or used as raw material. Oil-based paints, flammable liquids and gasoline are used as alternative fuels.” www.regeneration.ca

 

Plastics:

Merlin Plastics LogoMMBC Logo 2014Plastics are collected as part of MMBC’s Printed Paper & Packaging program.  Merlin Plastics on Annacis Island either shreds it or melts the plastic down into pellets to be sold & used for the manufacture of non-food bearing products (bags, bottles, blue boxes, piping, etc.).

From BC Recycles: “plastic packaging is used in household goods, packaging, and building material” www.recyclinginbc.ca

EPR Beverage Container IconEncorp Return-It Logo 2014Plastic beverage bottles are shipped to Encorp for refunds through their Beverage Container EPR program.

From BC Recycles: “plastic is used for new bottles, jugs, buckets and more.” www.return-it.ca

 

Smoke & Carbon Monoxide Alarms:

ReGeneration Logo 2016.jpgUsed & expired smoke, carbon monoxide, and combination alarms are collected under the AlarmRecycle program.

From BC Recycles: “Plastics and metals from smoke and CO alarms are recovered and radioactive components are disposed of at licensed facilities.” www.regeneration.ca

 

Styrofoam (Polystyrene):

Foam Only Photo FrameFoam Only Logo 2012

MMBC Logo 2014Styrofoam is collected as part of MMBC’s Printed Paper & Packaging program. It is shipped to Foam Only, located in Coquitlam. This company condenses the styrofoam for shipping and makes it into finished products such as crown molding or baseboards for home decor, and picture frames.

From BC Recycles: “foam is recycled into picture frames” www.recyclinginbc.ca

 

Thermostats:

Switch the Stat Logo (EPR)Thermostats and other mercury switches are collected as part of the “Switch the ‘Stat”  EPR program designed to safely collect and process the mercury contained within them.

From BC Recycles: “Thermostats are made up of plastics, metals, electronics, glass an dmercury, which are all 100% recyclable. Your used thermostat goes on to become a number of different products, including fibreglass, refined mercury and lower grade plastic and metal devices.” www.switchthestat.ca